Once your server starts gaining traction and player numbers start to rise more rapidly, it can become difficult to moderate your server. Checking chat for inappropriate chat and advertisements, looking for hackers trying to exploit your server, and managing arguments or technical issues experienced by your players can quickly become a full-time job. By this point, you will need help!

Luckily Minecraft comes with a set of tools to help you specify more trustworthy and reliable players and give them extra permissions that will let them help you keep your server free of bad players, as well as helping others with issues they may be having.

Choosing Your Team
Choosing who should be moderators and have higher permissions like the ability to ban or kick other players, needs to be carefully considered. Your moderators need to be trustworthy, kind and experienced. They need to be trustworthy, so they don't abuse their permissions and ban the wrong players, or even shut your server down if they have that level of permission. You will want them to be kind so they help players with their issues, and they need to have some experience with the commands and plugins your server uses.

To begin forming your moderation team, a good start is to appoint your friends. Depending on your servers’ size you'll need to choose how many moderators you feel are needed to support your server. Three is often a good number to start with.

To grow your team, choose people from your server who have demonstrated themselves to be good-natured and dependable, especially players who are often online and help out others or report issues. This also serves as a reward to those who play on your server frequently and actively support it.

If you have international users, it's best to find someone from each continent your players come from. For instance, if your server is in America but you frequently have UK users on your server, adding a UK moderator helps local players, as well as helping to fill in on cross-timezone support.

It's important to note that your moderation team is voluntary, so it's best to avoid imposing restrictions on them, like asking them to be on your server a particular number of hours a week. As unpaid staff, they should be recipients of your undying gratitude rather than further demands on their time.

Consider your players too, and don't let your staff team grow too large. If users login and frequently see a large majority of the players online are staff, they can feel left out or intimidated, as though your server is a club they don't belong to. Keeping that balance helps your server feel welcoming and friendly.

Permissions
If you use Spigot, Bukkit or Paper, you have the option of installing plugins that grant more varied access and permissions for your staff and moderators.

If you're starting small or just dealing with trusted friends, you can use the command /op and their name to grant them full permissions to use all commands on your server. You may find this a riskier tactic with those you don't know as well.

There's a wide range of plugins to manage permissions for users. The most popular is LuckPerms, which is great for both advanced and new users, offering a web interface to manage your permissions so you don’t need to fiddle about with difficult and time consuming configuration files.

At its most basic, you'll want to grant your moderators permission to:

Ban players
Mute them
Kick them from your server
Use any other specific commands related to your server's plugins
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